Muscle spasms, how to treat and prevent them

Muscle spasms, how to treat and prevent them

Contractures are common injuries, not only among athletes but also among sedentary, older, stressed or adopt poor posture. We teach how to treat and prevent them.

As its name suggests, the muscle contraction is a contraction of the muscle, the offending character lies in the continuity of this contraction steadily over time.

Obviously this permanent involuntary contraction, thus being constantly tense musculature. A muscle contracts and it relaxes, but in some cases, a vast area of muscle does not relax, and continues contracted. This area remains hard and swollen, hence the patient notices a lump to the touch, commonly called ‘knot’.

A contracture is a serious injury, but if it bothers us and make certain gestures can prevent normally and without pain, so you should learn to identify, differentiate them from other problems, follow some simple guidelines to minimize its effects and put in the hands of a Physical Therapist if we shorten recovery times, which in normal conditions can range from one to two weeks depending on the severity of it.

Types of muscle spasms

Within the muscle contractions can distinguish between those originated during physical exertion or that appears after this, and waste, accompanying other injury.

During an effort. When performing any exercise the body metabolizes active substances to produce movement. This process causes these active substances are transformed into waste substances or inactive metabolites.

When the effort is high, either because of the hardness of exercise, or lack of training, the body is unable to debug these metabolites through the bloodstream, they accumulate and cause pain and inflammation.

After the effort. In this case, the lesion appears the inability of the muscle to return to its resting state. Sometimes, after intense exercise where the muscle has been subjected to a heavy workload, this is unable to return to their natural state of relaxation by the accumulated fatigue.

Waste. After a serious injury (a broken fibers, fracture, sprain, blunt force trauma), adjacent to the injured area muscle it tends to contract as a protection mechanism. This contraction for protective purposes, makes remedied once the primary lesion, the adjacent muscle contracture remains. This is what would be called residual contracture.